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 Category: Glossary

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Academic program تحصیلات
A post-secondary program that awards an academic degree, diploma or professional certification. This program is often delivered at universities, colleges, seminaries and institutes of technology. &nb...
Inadmissibility غیرقابل پذیرش بودن
When a person is not allowed to enter or stay in Canada. Reasons can include security concerns, criminal offences, human rights violations, health or financial reasons, and failure to comply with Cana...
Adoption فرزندخواندگی
A process whereby a person becomes a member of another family. This process must create a genuine parent-child relationship that permanently severs the legal ties to the child’s biological paren...
Affidavit شهادتنامه - گواهی
A document becomes an affidavit when a person signs the document, in the presence of an authorized person, after taking an oath that what the document says is true and accurate.
Arranged employment استخدام قطعی
Arranged employment is when you have a permanent job offer from a Canadian employer that has been approved by Human Resources and Skills Development Canada. This job offer can improve your chances of ...
Assessment ارزیابی
The identification and measurement of learning, credentials, and other forms of qualifications required for entry into programs of study or occupations (assessment
Asylum حفاظت
Protection that is offered to persons with a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group, as well as those at ri...
Authorized representative نمایندگی مجاز
There are two types of authorized representatives: Compensated and Uncompensated.
Biometric Instruction Letter راهنمای انجام انگشت نگاری
If you need to give your biometrics, CIC sends a biometric instruction letter to you either by mail or through your MyCIC account when you apply. You must bring a paper copy of this letter with you to...
Border services officer افسر مرزی کانادا
Officers of the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA
Business class سرمایه گذاری
A category that includes investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed people. A person may become a permanent resident in this category based on his or her ability to economically establish in Canada.
Business experience تجربه تجاری
Business experience is a term used when applying to immigrate as an en
Business visitor گردشگر تجاری
A person who:
Canadian citizen شهروندی کانادا
A person described as a citizen under the Citizenship Act
Canadian Experience Class سابقه (تجربه) کانادائی
An immigration category that allows foreign workers or recently graduated international students working in Canada to apply for permanent residence.
Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB)استاندارد زبان کانادائی
The Canadian standard used to describe, measure and recognize English language ability of adult immigrants and prospective immigrants who plan to live and work in Canada, or apply for citizenship. The...
Case Processing Centre (CPC) مرکز رسیدگی به پروندهها(CPC)
Centralized Intake Office دفتر مرکزی رسیدگی به تقاضای مهاجرت
Certificate of nomination گواهی پذیرش
A certificate issued by a province or territory that recommends a foreign national for permanent residence under the 
Certified English or French translations ترجمه رسمی انگلیسی یا فرانسه
To have a copy certified, an authorized person must compare the original document to the photocopy and must print the following on the photocopy:
Certified photocopy فتوکپی گواهی شده
A photocopy of an original document. It must be readable and certified as a true copy of the original by an authorized person. The person compares the documents and marks on the photocopy:
Client Identification Number شماره شناسایی متقاضی
A Client Identification Number (Client ID
Common-law partner
A person who has been living with another person in a conjugal relationship for at least one year. The term refers to opposite-sex and same-sex relationships.  
Confirmation of permanent residence number (IMM 5292 or 5509)
You will find this number in top right corner of your Confirmation of Permanent Residence
Convention refugee
A person who is outside of their home country or country where they normally live and fears returning to that country because of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, natio...
Criminal rehabilitation
This term refers to an application process that allows a person who has committed or been convicted of a crime outside Canada to enter or stay in Canada. “Rehabilitation”, in this context,...
Departure order
A removal order issued by either a Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA
A spouse, common-law partner or dependent child of a permanent resident or principal applicant.    
Designated Learning Institution
A school in Canada that a student must be accepted at before they can qualify for a study permit (as of June 1, 2014). Consult the designated
Economic Class
A category of immigrants selected for their skills and ability to contribute to Canada’s economy. Economic Class immigrants include skilled workers, provincial and territorial nominees, business...
Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)
eTA is a new entry requirement for visa-exempt foreign nationals travelling to Canada by
An online tool that doctors approved by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) to do medical exams use to record and send Immigration Medical Exam (IME) results to CIC.  It is more accurate, co...
Employer-specific work permit
A type of work permi
English as a second language (ESL)
A program used to teach English to non-native speakers. ESL
An immigrant admitted to Canada who:
Excessive demand
When a person’s existing medical condition could place a demand on health or social services that would likely:
Exclusion order
A removal order issued by either a Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA
Federal skilled worker
An immigrant selected as a permanent resident based on their education, work experience, knowledge of English and/or French, and other criteria that have been shown to help people succeed in the Canad...
A guarantor is a person who can confirm your identity and the information you have provided. If you do not have a guarantor who has known you for at least two (2) years, you must complete a Statutory ...
Health card
A document that allows a person to receive public health care in a Canadian province or territory. Newcomers can apply for a health card when they arrive in Canada.   Health insuranceA Canadian...
Humanitarian and compassionate application (H & C)
People who would not normally be eligible to become permanent residents of Canada may be able to apply on humanitarian and compassionate (
Immigration document
An official document issued by a CIC
Implied status
If a visitor, student or foreign worker applies to extend their status, before that status expires, they can legally remain in Canada until a decision is made on the application. In this situation, th...
International Experience Canada (IEC)
A youth exchange program allowing Canadians, 18 to 35, to live and work in other countries, generally for up to one year at a time. The reciprocity of the program allows for youth from these same coun...
International Mobility Program
This program allows employers to hire or bring in foreign workers without the need of a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). Exemptions from the LMIA process are available where there are reciproca...
A term used to describe an immigrant admitted to Canada who:
Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada must usually get before hiring a foreign worker.
Letter of invitation
A letter from a person in Canada on behalf of a friend or family member who wants to visit. This may be helpful if the visitor is from a country where visas are required to travel to and enter Canada....
Level of study
There are five levels of study for foreign students in Canada. They are:
Live-in caregiver
A person who is qualified to provide care for children, elderly people or people with disabilities in private homes without supervision. A live-in caregiver must live in the private home of their empl...
Low-income cut-off (LICO)
Income levels set out by the Government of Canada where a family spends a higher percentage on necessities than other families. A family must be above the cut-off in order to
Medical examination
A physical examination (that could also include laboratory/radiology tests depending on age) performed by a 
When a person makes false statements, submits false information, submits false or altered documents, or withholds information relevant to their application to 
National Occupational Classification (NOC)
The National Occupation Classification (NOC
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
An agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico. Under it, citizens of each country can enter the other more easily for business.
Oath of citizenship
A declaration that a person will:
Open work permit
A type of work permit
Permanent resident
A person who has legally immigrated to Canada but is not yet a Canadian citizen.   Permanent resident card
Personal net worth
The fair market value of all assets of an applicant and their spouse or common-law partner, minus the fair market value of all their liabilities. Generally, this figure does not include personal asset...
The scoring system used to assess federal skilled workers
Police certificate
An official copy of a person’s criminal record, or a declaration that they do not have a criminal record. Police authorities or government departments issue such certificates. Authorities use th...
Post-Graduation Work Permit Program
A document issued by CIC
Pre-removal risk assessment (PRRA)
A thorough process that evaluates whether a person would face persecution, torture, risk to life or risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment, if returned to his or her country of origin.
Principal applicant
When a family applies together, one member must be the main or “principal” applicant. For example, a mother applying for permanent residence with her three children would be the principal ...
Protected person
A person who has been determined to be a Convention refugee or person in similar circumstances by a Canadian visa officer outside Canada, a person whom the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada has ...
Qualifying business
For the purposes of meeting business experience
Regulated Occupation
A profession that sets its own standards of practice. If you want to work in a regulated occupation and use a regulated title, you must have a licence or a certificate, or be registered with the regul...
Relationship of convenience
A marriage, common-law relationship, conjugal partnership or adoption that is not genuine, or was entered into for status or privilege in Canada. People in these relationships are not members of the f...
Residence requirement (citizenship)
For applicants who apply before June 11, 2015, this is the amount of time a permanent resident must live in Canada to be eligible for a grant of Canadian citizenship.
Residence requirement (permanent resident)
The amount of time a permanent resident must live in Canada to keep their status as a permanent resident.
Revocation of citizenship
A person’s citizenship may be revoked following a decision from the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration or a declaration from the Federal Court. Reasons for revocation include:
Right of permanent residence fee
A charge paid by a principal applicant (with some exceptions), and a spouse or common-law partner travelling with them, before the applicant can become a permanent resident of Canada.
Self-employed person
An immigrant admitted to Canada because they have relevant experience
Study permit
A document issued by CIC
Temporary Foreign Worker Program
This program allows employers to hire foreign workers to fill short-term labour and skill shortages when no Canadians are available to do the job. A Labour Market Impact Assessment is needed to hire t...
Temporary resident
A foreign national who is in Canada legally for a short period. Temporary residents include students, foreign workers and visitors, such as tourists.  
Travel document
An identity document issued by a government or an international organization (such as the United Nations). It contains a person’s photograph and personal information, and allows that person to t...
An official counterfoil document issued by a visa office abroad that is placed in a person’s passport to show that he or she has met the requirements for admission to Canada as a temporary resid...
Visa application centre
Visa application centres (VACs
Work permit
A document issued by CIC